By Ms. Scholastica Nakitto

The Department of Children and Family Services (DCFS) is mandated by Illinois law to maintain a 24 hour Child abuse and Neglect Hotline, 1-800-25-abuse or 1-800-252-2873 to receive reports from the public and from mandated professionals about abuse and neglect of children. Illinois law defines an “abused child”, as a minor under the age of 18, who is being harmed by any person responsible for the child’s welfare, which includes: parent, a family member, babysitter, school officials, boyfriend, or day care provider. Harm to the child may be physical or emotional injury, serious risk of injury, excessive punishment, and sexual offenses or torture. Tip: Avoid corporal punishment as a form of discipline, since there is always a chance of going too far and cause severe injuries to the child, with marks and bruises left on the child and that is then considered abuse. Illinois law defines a “neglected child” as any child whose parent or persons responsible for the child’s welfare does not provide necessary support as required by law, medical or other care for the well-being of the child or such necessities as adequate, clothing food, and shelter. Neglect occurs for reasons other than poverty.


I) If your child has medical conditions that require medications from time to time, make sure that the school has that medication and make sure that the child takes that medication as prescribed.II).Never leave a child in a car under no conditions.

 III). Provide adequate supervision to your child on parties and other public places to ensure safety of your child.Emotional Abuse: refers to refection, intimidation and humiliation of a child that undermines his/her sense of self-esteem and well-being and it may include withholding love and affection to the child.


1), Family stress,

2), Domestic violence in the home,

3), Sexually abused children will most likely abuse children when they become adults. Drugs and alcohol in the family adds to the family stress.

CONSEQUENCES OF CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT: The results of abuse and neglect to children, creates children that feel violated, humiliated, dirty, and guilt ridden. Their sense of safety and well-beings is shattered, along with self worth and confidence and the symptoms often manifest when they become teenagers. As adults, they exhibit more signs of hopelessness, neurosis and timidity and depression and drug and alcohol dependency and anxiety even multiple personalities.




 By N. N. Kalanzi

kwanjulais a Luganda word basically means to introduce. It is a day when the bride to be introduces her future husband and his people who escort him to her parents and relatives. This tradition is not only followed in the Ganda culture, but most if not all tribes (cultures) in Uganda have a similar ceremony which signifies that particular cultural requirements. Kwanjula is very important and it carries high honor in the Buganda as in many other cultures for the woman’s parents to get to know the man who is to marry their daughter. During the ceremony, a lot of questions are asked and the future husband must prove that he is man enough not only to marry but protect and provide for her and any future family.When doing introduction or bride negotiation ceremonies of this kind, the future husband’s family or himself make this trip to visit the future wife’s family to officially request for the woman’s parents permission to marry their daughter. It is one of the most culturally colorful displays of the richness of Ganda’s cultural traditions “o'bulombolombo. When everything is said and done, presents are given to the bride’s parents and other family members. Finally, the last request from the groom is to become part of his bride’s family. This is called: “O’kuzalibwa mulujja”, simply means to become a son in law. It is at this time the future bride’s parents can break or accept the man’s proposal to marry their daughter. If the future husband requirements are acceptable then a wedding date is set and communicated. When the groom’s side leaves in the evening before sunset after a huge feast, the bride stays at her parent’s home until the wedding day morning when she is picked up in another brief ceremony.




Balancing the two cultures (American/Ugandan) can often be hard. In the USA, we have freedoms, perhaps too many freedoms, and as an individual you choose how to live with such freedoms for yourself. Take advantage of the freedom this country offers but never allow yourself to lose your identity and values you have learned your parents/caregivers.Remember that at your core, you are a Ugandan-American or a Ugandan; and must never forget who you are. Create a balance on how you incorporate your Ugandan-American cultural values into your daily life. Remember always your roots and respect your cultural heritage. Never lose your uniqueness; that which essentially identifies you from others.



I am a native Chicagoan. I have lived here all my 24 years, born at what is now RushHospital. I grew up on the South Side, but I was raised on the West Side. Most of my formative years were spent “out west” and I have been a West Sider for the past 9 years. Growing up in Chicago, I had the privilege of encountering many different cultures. However, I never felt that I fit in to one specific culture. I knew I wasn’t Ugandan. Growing up in the 90s and after the millennium, there weren’t many kids and teens I could relate to as a Ugandan American. It was even to the point that a Ugandan kid laughed in my face after I admitted I wasn’t proficient in Luganda. Also I wasn’t exactly African American. There were certain historical and cultural things that I couldn’t relate to given my Ugandan heritage. So I spent my teen years floating between cultures and having friends from different cultures. At 18, with the completion of senior year and the start of college, I let go of the cliques and the labels. I gave myself the room to take my own cultural inventory and address all the cultures that I identify with. I am a Muganda, an American, and African American. I identify with all three of those cultures. I eat kawunga, polishes and peach cobbler. I do the Kiganda dance, the Macarena , the Electric Slide, I juke and percolate. I am hybrid.


              HOME ECONOMICS

      a) Banana Pancakes – Kabalagala

4 cups cassava flour
1 cup maize flour (maganjo)
8 ripe bananas
1 tbsp Ginger root concentrate
2 tbsp granulated sugar (optional)
Canola oil / olive oil (a light unsaturated oil)
Rolling pin
Large circle cookie cutter (juice tumbler also works)
Deep fryer
1) Peel and coarsely marsh banana
2) In a food processor / blender fine blend to pudding consistency
3) Transfer mix into bowl
4) Add sugar and ginger root with wooden spoon
5) Fold in cassava & maize flour one cup at a time until dough does not stick to your hands when you handle it. Divide dough into 5-6 sections
6) Roll out one section to 1/8th inch thickness (dough should neither stick to your hands nor work surface)
7) With cookie cutter/ juice tumbler cut out pan cakes and put cut dough aside on tray
8) Re-shape remaining dough and add new dough section
9) Repeat steps 7-9 until all dough has been cut up into pancakes and placed
10) On medium heat setting heat up oil in deep fryer for deep frying
11) Add 4-5 cut pancakes to heated oil – allow browning for 30 seconds to less than 1minute on one side; turning over cakes and allow to brown on other side for about the same time.
12) Remove cakes from oil – allow to drain excess oil on plate lined with paper napkins ( 1 minute) – place in Ziploc bag and seal
13) Repeat steps 12-13 until all pancakes are done.

Tips for Success:
To ensure pancakes come out soft
1) In step 5 - add flour a little at a time. This is critical to know when just enough flour is added and dough is not stiff.
2) Cooling in Ziploc bag retains moisture in pancakes, keeping them soft
3) Banana pancakes freeze well and respond well to a few seconds microwave warm up

This recipe along with the Tips for Success come to you from the Kaboggoza Family Kitchen – Serve with spiced


b)     Mock-Baked Goat Meat

Goat meat diced 1” cubes
BBQ seasoning
Granulated garlic in water (or peel and crush garlic cloves)
Touch of cayenne pepper / deseeded strips of chili pepper if spicy hot flavor desired
Canola oil / olive oil (a light unsaturated oil)
Casserole dish lined with sufficient foil to wrap meat and form about ½ ” shallow dome above meat
Oven at 375°F
1) Season goat meat with seasonings
2) Allow spices to marinate overnight in refrigerator
3) In medium to heavy pot heat about 2 tablespoon oil on medium setting stovetop heat
4) Add marinated goat meat
5) Turn meat at 3-5 minute regular intervals until produced juices have reduced to almost none and meat has evenly browned.
6) Place meat in prepared casserole dish
7) Baked at 375 F ovens for 45 minutes – resist urge to open oven for any reason

Enjoy as side dish with matooke kinyeebwa and enva endiirwa – be careful not to bite off fingers
I take no credits for this recipe. It was passed on to me from ladies I consider seasoned in kitchen -Patricia Tibbs & Eva Muhumuza